From the summary: "Section 656 of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year (FY) 2020 (Pub. L. 116-92) directed the Secretary of Defense to report on food insecurity among members of the armed forces. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), food security is defined as “access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life” (Economic Research Service, 2021b). However, as we discuss in this report, there is no singular definition of food insecurity. The directive has several elements: an assessment of the current extent of food insecurity among not only service members and their dependents but also those living on post and presumably not receiving the basic allowance for housing (BAH); participation in food assistance programs; barriers to accessing this assistance; a description of other sources of income to meet basic needs; an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of a basic needs allowance (BNA) for low-income members; and three sets of recommendations (for policies, programs, and activities) to address food insecurity among military families."