From the preface: "Since 2000, black enlistments have declined in the Army, as has the black share of high-quality Army enlistments. A recruit is deemed high-quality if he or she has a high school diploma and scores above average on the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). The decline in black enlistments is of concern to policymakers because the Army has struggled to meet its recruiting mission in recent years, and a significant decline in a key market segment represents a potential area for improvement. Furthermore, since the start of the all-volunteer force, Congress has been concerned about the degree to which military enlistments proportionately reflect the population that the U.S. military defends. At the same time that black representation among high-quality Army recruits has declined, Hispanic representation has increased. In addition, in comparison with the Army, black representation in the Navy has been stable, and Hispanic representation among high-quality Navy recruits has increased."