Supporting Employers in the Reserve Operational Forces Era: Are Changes Needed to Reservists' Employment Rights Legislation, Policies, or Programs? : RAND Corporation , 2013
From the preface: "Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve (ESGR), a U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) office, asked the RAND National Defense Research Institute to study the effects that using the Reserve Components (RCs) as an operational force can have on employers. The primary purpose of the study was to consider whether changes are needed to the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) (Pub. L. 103-353, 1994), ESGR support programs, or RC activation and deployment policies given the increased mobilization of the National Guard and Reserve and the continuing need to balance the rights, duties, and obligations of employers, RC members, and RC members’ families. The study involved the review and analysis of existing research and data related to USERRA and the effects on employers of employee absences more generally, an analysis of the DoD National Survey of Employers fielded in 2011, focus groups with employers conducted in 2012, interviews with RC chiefs conducted in 2011, and a legal and legislative history review of USERRA. This report describes key findings from the analysis."