From the preface: "The Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) Exceptional Family Member Program (EFMP) provides resources and support to military families who have at least one dependent member with a special need. These special needs can include learning disabilities or mental, emotional, or physical health conditions that require nonstandard care. Though the EFMP is centrally managed by the Office of Special Needs (OSN; part of the Office of the Under Secretary for Personnel and Readiness’s Military and Family Community division), each of the military departments (Air Force, Army, and Navy, which includes the Marine Corps) is responsible for implementation policies and practices. As of 2020, recent reports by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and Congressional hearings have suggested that implementation of the EFMP across the services may be inconsistent. This study reviewed EFMP policies to identify where service policies are consistent with DoD policy and one another and where there are policy gaps or inconsistencies that could result in unequal or inequitable support for service members and their families."