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Congress is Already Clashing on FY25 Funding as House Proposes Big Cuts

May 22, 2024

Eric Katz

Government Executive

House Appropriations Committee Chairman Tom Cole, R-Okla., said that the federal fiscal 2025 budget should reflect the spending caps detailed in the Fiscal Responsibility Act, with some agencies receiving 11% cuts. TOM WILLIAMS / GETTY IMAGES

By Eric Katz, May 17, 2024 / Government Executive

House Republicans are proposing an average of 6% discretionary spending cuts to non-defense agencies for fiscal 2025, putting it on a collision course with the Democratic-led Senate that is seeking to avoid such reductions. 

Republicans on the House Appropriations Committee released their top-line spending levels for each of the 12 annual funding bills Congress must pass each year, which included cuts for some agencies as high as 11%.

The appropriators are putting aside parts of the two-year budget deal President Biden struck with House Republicans last year in exchange for raising the debt ceiling, saying they are instead sticking only to the spending levels detailed in the Fiscal Responsibility Act. In addition to that law, Biden and then-House Speaker Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., agreed to other mechanisms that would ultimately allow both defense and non-defense discretionary spending to increase by 1% in fiscal 2025. 

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